The Native American tribes of Indiana sided with the French Canadians during the French and Indian War (also known as the Seven Years' War).With British victory in 1763, the French were forced to cede all their lands in North America east of the Mississippi River and north and west of the colonies to the British crown.In 1775 the American Revolutionary War began as the colonists sought more self-government and independence from the British.The majority of the fighting took place near the East Coast, but the Patriot military officer George Rogers Clark called for an army to help fight the British in the west.Divided into small groups, the Paleo-Indians were nomads who hunted large game such as mastodons.They created stone tools made out of chert by chipping, knapping and flaking.Nearing the end of the stage, the people developed highly productive cultivation and adaptation of agriculture, growing such crops as corn and squash. The Mississippian culture emerged, lasting from 1000 until the 15th century, shortly before the arrival of Europeans.
During this period, the people created ceramics and pottery, and extended their cultivation of plants.The etymology of this word is disputed, but the leading theory, as advanced by the Indiana Historical Bureau and the Indiana Historical Society, has "Hoosier" originating from Virginia, the Carolinas, and Tennessee (a part of the Upland South region of the United States) as a term for a backwoodsman, a rough countryman, or a country bumpkin.The first inhabitants in what is now Indiana were the Paleo-Indians, who arrived about 8000 BC after the melting of the glaciers at the end of the Ice Age.During the latter part of the period, they built earthwork mounds and middens, which showed that settlements were becoming more permanent.The Archaic period ended at about 1500 BC, although some Archaic people lived until 700 BC. Indiana is the 38th largest by area and the 17th most populous of the 50 United States. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U. Before becoming a territory, varying cultures of indigenous peoples and historic Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years.