Forced prostitution, also known as involuntary prostitution, is prostitution or sexual slavery that takes place as a result of coercion by a third party.
The terms "forced prostitution" or "enforced prostitution" appear in international and humanitarian conventions but have been insufficiently understood and inconsistently applied.
State parties to the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography are required to prohibit child prostitution.
The Protocol defines a child as any human being under the age of 18, "unless an earlier age of majority is recognized by a country's law".
Human trafficking, especially of girls and women, often leads to forced prostitution and sexual slavery.
According to a report by the UNODC, internationally, the most common destinations for victims of human trafficking are Thailand, South Korea, Japan, Israel, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Italy, Turkey and the United States.
In most countries child prostitution is illegal irrespective of the child reaching a lower statutory age of consent.
In its understanding of the distinction between sex work and forced prostitution, Sexual discrimination happens to those who work both in sex work and forced prostitution.
Historically, crimes involving violence against women and having to do with prostitution and sex work have been taken less seriously by the law.
In many countries, especially poorer countries, child prostitution remains a very serious problem, and numerous tourists from the Western World travel to these countries to engage in child sex tourism.
Thailand, Cambodia, India, Brazil and Mexico have been identified as leading hotspots of child sexual exploitation.
It enjoys the fastest pace of ratifications in the ILO's history since 1919.