The sample-context relationship is not always straightforward.
Date of a sample pre-dates the context it is found.
The proportion of carbon 14 in the sample examined provides an indication of the time elapsed since death of the sample’s source.
Radiocarbon dating results are reported in uncalibrated years BP (Before Present), where BP is defined as AD 1950.
Anthropologists can describe a people’s physical character, culture, and environmental and social relations.
Archaeologists, on the other hand, provide proof of authenticity of a certain artifact or debunk historical or anthropological findings.
History, anthropology, and archaeology are three distinct but closely related bodies of knowledge that tell man of his present by virtue of his past.
Historians can tell what cultures thrived in different regions and when they disintegrated.
An archaeologist must also make sure that only the useful series of samples are collected and processed for carbon dating and not every organic material found in the excavation site.
Archaeology has undoubtedly enriched mankind’s history like no other science.
There is a greater part of man’s unwritten past that archaeology has managed to unravel.
Laboratories have limitations in terms of the samples they can process for radiocarbon dating. Laboratories must also be consulted as to the required amount of sample that they ideally like to process as well as their preference with certain samples for carbon dating.
Other labs accept waterlogged wood while others prefer them dry at submission.
Contaminants must not be introduced to the samples during collection and storing.